13.

School factors that influence behaviour and citizenship

1. Management & Teaching Styles/ Systems

2. Physical Environment

3. Learning Environment

4. Social, Emotional & Moral Development

The Elton Report (1989) cited management styles of heads and class teachers as a crucial factor in creating a positive atmosphere.

Those who were able to lead by negotiation and consultation were most effective in creating a feeling of community within the school.
Public ridicule, autocratic decision-making and an inability to listen supportively were seen as damaging relationships.

Some systems work against self-discipline because they are too heavy on external control. These need reviewing, not reinforcing. .................................................................See pages 14 and 15.

Resourcing and organisation of;

the classroom

the playground

communal areas

have a significant effect on behaviour

See pages 16 and 17.

The Elton Report also made the links ‘ .... between the content and method of delivery of the school curriculum and the motivation and behaviour of pupils, particularly those who are not particularly successful.’
Educated citizens have the skills and knowledge that enable them to be effective.

See pages 18 and 19.

This is central to the whole issue of positive behaviour

Attending to social and emotional needs as part of the curriculum, is essential to all children, not just those we perceive as having problems.

It is the basis upon which personal responsibility and good citizenship are built, and provides support for emotionally damaged children.

An education system that does not address these problems is unlikely to produce a healthy society.

See pages 20 and 21

Each of these factors are dealt with in more detail in the next section.

Assessment and evaluation are an integral part of addressing these areas.

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